University of Surrey

Test tubes in the lab Research in the ATI Dance Research

Molecular orbital predictions of some NMR chemical shifts.

Hamdi, Buthaina Talib. (1983) Molecular orbital predictions of some NMR chemical shifts. Doctoral thesis, University of Surrey (United Kingdom)..

[img]
Preview
Text
10798507.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (5MB) | Preview

Abstract

The NMR shieldings in molecular environments of various magnetic nuclei from the first, second and third rows have been calculated using approximate molecular orbital techniques. These techniques comprise the use of CNDO or INDO molecular wavefunctions, gauge invariant atomic orbitals and Rayleigh-Schrodinger perturbation theory. Considerable use is made of a version of the CNDO/s molecular orbital program, specially extended to cope with molecules containing second and third row atoms and iodine. Algorithm to calculate the dia- and paramagnetic contributions to NMR shielding have been appended to this program. Because of doubts surrounding the parameters employed in the CNDO/s program, a non-empirical CNDO program has also been constructed, with the same repertoire of atoms. This program uses atomic parameters obtained from atomic orbital calculations, while resonance integrals are calculated in situ by an exact method. As well as the dia- and paramagnetic contributions, an algorithm to calculate the spin-orbit coupling contribution to NMR shielding has also been appended to the non-empirical CNDO program. This algorithm treats spin-orbit coupling interactions as an additional magnetic perturbation, the effect on shielding being thus obtained from third order perturbation expressions. The performance of the contributions calculated from the two programs in explaining the observed chemical shift trends in [13]C, [27]Al, [71]Ga, [73]Ge and [75]As containing series has been compared. This comparison affirms the critical and often dominant role played by spin-orbit coupling interactions whenever heavy atom substituents are present, as well as indicating the overall superiority of the non-empirical CNDO program. The remaining shortcomings of the shielding contributions as calculated by the non-empirical CNDO program are assumed in the light of their ability to explain the chemical shift trends in [13]C, [27]Al, [33]S, [73]Ge, [75]As and Se containing series. In addition, shielding contributions have been obtained using the INDO/s molecular orbital program for series of [15]N and [19]F containing molecules. For some model compounds in the [15]N series, the solvaton method has been used to assess the effect of a polar solvent on NMR shielding.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Divisions : Theses
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Hamdi, Buthaina Talib.
Date : 1983
Contributors :
ContributionNameEmailORCID
http://www.loc.gov/loc.terms/relators/THS
Additional Information : Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Surrey (United Kingdom), 1983.
Depositing User : EPrints Services
Date Deposited : 22 Jun 2018 13:01
Last Modified : 06 Nov 2018 16:52
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/847486

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year


Information about this web site

© The University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom.
+44 (0)1483 300800