University of Surrey

Test tubes in the lab Research in the ATI Dance Research

The oxidation of niobium and niobium/copper alloys.

Dorrell, D. R. (1971) The oxidation of niobium and niobium/copper alloys. Doctoral thesis, University of Surrey (United Kingdom)..

Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (17MB) | Preview


The oxidation of niobium and dilute niobium/copper alloys has been studied at 76 mm of oxygen in the temperature range 548-749°C, and at 0.76-760 mm of oxygen at 690°C. It has been shown that additions of copper decreased the oxidation resistance of niobium and that the oxidation reaction obeyed the modified parabolic law before breakaway oxidations. The two controlling reactions have been isolated and have been shown to be the parabolic growth of a dense NbO[2] layer, containing oxygen interstitial defects, and the dissociation of oxygen molecules at the NbO[2]/Nb[2]O[5] interface. From conductivity experiments the diffusion of oxygen interstitials across the NbO[2] scale has been considered. A mechanism of short-circuit diffusion has been proposed which has incorporated an hypothesized effect of copper additions on the NbO[2] structure. To account for the layered nature of the oxide scale that had been observed on the surface of all samples, a cracking mechanism has been proposed which may be reconciled with the oxidation data.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Divisions : Theses
Authors :
Dorrell, D. R.
Date : 1971
Contributors :
Additional Information : Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Surrey (United Kingdom), 1971.
Depositing User : EPrints Services
Date Deposited : 22 Jun 2018 13:00
Last Modified : 06 Nov 2018 16:52

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

Information about this web site

© The University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom.
+44 (0)1483 300800