University of Surrey

Test tubes in the lab Research in the ATI Dance Research

A longitudinal high-risk study of adolescent anxiety, depression and parent-severity on the developmental course of risk-adjustment

Rawal, Adhip, Riglin, Lucy, Ng-Knight, Terry, Collishaw, Stephan, Thapar, Anita and Rice, Frances (2014) A longitudinal high-risk study of adolescent anxiety, depression and parent-severity on the developmental course of risk-adjustment Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55 (11). pp. 1270-1278.

A longitudinal high‐risk study of adolescent anxiety, depression and parent‐severity on the developmental course of risk‐adjustment.pdf - Version of Record
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (330kB) | Preview



Adolescence is associated with developments in the reward system and increased rates of emotional disorders. Familial risk for depression may be associated with disruptions in the reward system. However, it is unclear how symptoms of depression and anxiety influence the development of reward‐processing over adolescence and whether variation in the severity of parental depression is associated with hyposensitivity to reward in a high‐risk sample.


We focused on risk‐adjustment (adjusting decisions about reward according to the probability of obtaining reward) as this was hypothesized to improve over adolescence. In a one‐year longitudinal sample (N = 197) of adolescent offspring of depressed parents, we examined how symptoms of depression and anxiety (generalized anxiety and social anxiety) influenced the development of risk‐adjustment. We also examined how parental depression severity influenced adolescent risk‐adjustment.


Risk‐adjustment improved over the course of the study indicating improved adjustment of reward‐seeking to shifting contingencies. Depressive symptoms were associated with decreases in risk‐adjustment over time while social anxiety symptoms were associated with increases in risk‐adjustment over time. Specifically, depression was associated with reductions in reward‐seeking at favourable reward probabilities only, whereas social anxiety (but not generalized anxiety) led to reductions in reward‐seeking at low reward probabilities only. Parent depression severity was associated with lowered risk‐adjustment in offspring and also influenced the longitudinal relationship between risk‐adjustment and offspring depression.


Anxiety and depression distinctly alter the pattern of longitudinal change in reward‐processing. Severity of parent depression was associated with alterations in adolescent offspring reward‐processing in a high‐risk sample.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
Rawal, Adhip
Riglin, Lucy
Collishaw, Stephan
Thapar, Anita
Rice, Frances
Date : 6 June 2014
Funders : Medical Research Council (MRC)
DOI : 10.1111/jcpp.12279
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2014 The Authors. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Depression; Anxiety; Adolescence; Reward; Decision-making
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 20 Jun 2018 13:08
Last Modified : 11 Dec 2018 11:24

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

Information about this web site

© The University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom.
+44 (0)1483 300800