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Energy Beamforming for MIMO WIPT Relaying with Arbitrary Correlation

Almradi, Ahmed and Xiao, Pei (2018) Energy Beamforming for MIMO WIPT Relaying with Arbitrary Correlation IEEE Access.

Energy Beamforming for MIMO WIPT Relaying with Arbitrary Correlation.pdf - Accepted version Manuscript

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This paper investigates the negative impact of spatial fading correlation in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) relaying systems on the performance of energy beamforming. Namely, a source and destination nodes equipped with multiple antennas which have a general correlation structures and arbitrary eigenvalue multiplicities, exchanging information through a dual-hop amplify-and-forward (AF) single antenna energyconstrained relay. To facilitate longer-distance wireless power transfer, the overall scavenged energy needs to be maximized. Hence, the energy-constrained relay harvest energy from the source radio-frequency (RF) signal through energy beamforming, the harvested energy is then used to forward the source information symbol to the destination. The time switching-based receiver (TSR) along with the power splitting-based receiver (PSR) protocols are examined in order to perform wireless information and power transfer at the relay. To this end, tight closed-form lower and upper bounds for the outage probability and ergodic capacity are derived, and used to examine the throughput of the delay-constrained and delay-tolerant transmission modes, respectively. Numerical results supported by simulations manifest the tightness of the presented analytical formulas. The effect of several parameters like energy harvesting ratio, source transmit power, number of antennas and spatial fading correlation on the overall throughput is investigated. It is shown that increasing the number of antennas could be used to improve the system throughput or facilitate longer-distance wireless power transfer. On the other hand, the ramification of spatial correlation on the system throughput is also studied for arbitrary correlation structure. Moreover, it is revealed that the performance of powersplitting receiver outperforms the time-switching receiver at high signal-to-noise ratio. Finally, simulation results for the case of statistical CSI is also included for comparison purposes.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Electronic Engineering
Authors :
Date : 2018
Funders : Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Amplify-and-forward relay; Half-duplex relaying; Wireless power transfer; Spatial fading correlation
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 13 Jun 2018 10:57
Last Modified : 11 Dec 2018 11:24

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