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Recent changes in infectious diseases in European wildlife

Yon, Lisa, Duff, J. Paul, Ågren, Erik O., Erdélyi, Károly, Ferroglio, Ezio, Godfroid, Jacques, Hars, Jean, Hestvik, Gete, Horton, Dan, Kuiken, Thijs , Lavazza, Antonio, Markowska-Daniel, Iwona, Martel, An, Neimanis, Aleksija, Pasmans, Frank, Price, Stephen, Ruiz-Fons, Francisco, Ryser-Degiorgis, Marie-Pierre, Widén, Frederik and Gavier-Widén, Dolores (2018) Recent changes in infectious diseases in European wildlife Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 55 (1).

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Abstract

Many infectious diseases originating from or carried by wildlife impact wildlife conservation and biodiversity, livestock health, and/or human health. We provide an update on changes in the epidemiology of 25 selected infectious wildlife–related diseases in Europe (from 2010-2016) that had an impact, or may have a future impact, on the health of wildlife, livestock, and humans. These pathogens were selected based on their: (1) identification in recent Europe–wide projects as important surveillance targets, (2) inclusion in European Union (EU) legislation as pathogens requiring obligatory surveillance, (3) presence in recent literature on wildlife-related disease in Europe since 2010, (4) inclusion in key pathogen lists released by the Office International des Epizooties (OIE), (5) identification in conference presentations and informal discussions on a group email list by a European network of wildlife disease scientists from the European Wildlife Disease Association, or (6) identification as pathogens with changes in their epidemiology during 2010–2016. The wildlife pathogens or diseases included in this review are: avian influenza virus, seal influenza virus, lagoviruses, rabies virus, bat lyssaviruses, filoviruses, canine distemper virus, morbilliviruses in aquatic mammals, bluetongue virus, West Nile virus, hantaviruses, Schmallenberg virus, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, African swine fever virus, amphibian ranavirus, hepatitis E virus, bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis), tularemia (Francisella tularensis), brucellosis (Brucella spp.), salmonellosis (Salmonella spp.), Coxiella burnetii , chytridiomycosis, Echinococcus multilocularis, Leishmania infantum, and chronic wasting disease. Further work is needed to identify all of the key drivers of disease change and emergence, as they appear to be influencing the incidence and spread of these pathogens in Europe. We present a summary of these recent changes over a specified time period to discuss possible commonalities and drivers of disease change and to identify directions for future work on wildlife related diseases in Europe. Many of the pathogens are entering Europe from other continents, while at the same time others are expanding their ranges inside and beyond Europe. Surveillance for these wildlife-related diseases at a continental scale is therefore important for planet-wide assessment, awareness of, and preparedness for, the potential risks they may pose to wildlife, domestic animal, and human health.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Yon, Lisa
Duff, J. Paul
Ågren, Erik O.
Erdélyi, Károly
Ferroglio, Ezio
Godfroid, Jacques
Hars, Jean
Hestvik, Gete
Horton, Dand.horton@surrey.ac.uk
Kuiken, Thijs
Lavazza, Antonio
Markowska-Daniel, Iwona
Martel, An
Neimanis, Aleksija
Pasmans, Frank
Price, Stephen
Ruiz-Fons, Francisco
Ryser-Degiorgis, Marie-Pierre
Widén, Frederik
Gavier-Widén, Dolores
Date : 2018
DOI : 10.7589/2017-07-172
Copyright Disclaimer : © Wildlife Disease Association 2019
Uncontrolled Keywords : Emerging disease; Epidemiology; Europe; Human health; Livestock health; Pathogen; Wildlife health
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 07 Jun 2018 09:39
Last Modified : 06 Nov 2018 15:48
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/847005

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