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In the eye of the (motivated) beholder: Towards a motivated cognition perspective on disorder perceptions

Jackson, Jonathan, Bradford, Ben, Brunton-Smith, Ian and Gray, Emily (2017) In the eye of the (motivated) beholder: Towards a motivated cognition perspective on disorder perceptions In: The Routledge International Handbook on Fear of Crime. Routledge International Handbooks . Routledge, pp. 253-271. ISBN 9781138120334

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Abstract

Neighbourhood disorder refers to those cues in one’s social and physical environment that signal first the erosion of shared commitments to dominant norms and values, and second the failure of community members and authorities to regulate behaviour in public space. Disorder is dependent on an individual defining his or her surroundings and a number of U.S. studies have examined factors related to disorder perceptions. Our goal in this chapter is to present the findings from two U.K. studies into the instrumental and relational nature of public judgements about what characterises disorder. We frame our discussion in the context of psychological work on motivated social cognition – i.e. the ways in which various psychological needs, goals and desires (a) shape information processing and (b) lead to conclusions that individuals wish to reach rather than ones demanded by adherence to logic and/or evidence. We argue that disorder may not only be ‘in the eye of the beholder,’ it may also be ‘in the eye of the motivated beholder.’

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of Sociology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Jackson, Jonathan
Bradford, Ben
Brunton-Smith, IanI.R.Brunton-Smith@surrey.ac.uk
Gray, Emily
Editors :
NameEmailORCID
Lee, Murray
Mythen, Gabe
Date : 8 December 2017
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 01 Jun 2018 12:14
Last Modified : 16 Jan 2019 19:11
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/846985

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