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On the simulation of thick non-neutral boundary layers for urban studies in a wind tunnel

Marucci, Davide, Carpentieri, Matteo and Hayden, Paul (2018) On the simulation of thick non-neutral boundary layers for urban studies in a wind tunnel International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 72. pp. 37-51.

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Abstract

Stable and convective boundary layers over a very rough surface have been studied in a thermally-stratified wind tunnel. Artificial thickening by means of spires was used to accelerate the formation of a sufficiently deep boundary layer, suitable for urban-like boundary layer flow and dispersion studies. For the stable boundary layer, the methodology presented in Hancock and Hayden (2018) for low-roughness offshore surface conditions has been successfully applied to cases with higher-roughness. Different levels of stratification and roughness produced modifications in the turbulence profiles of the lower half of the boundary layer, but little or no change in the region above. Data for a stronger stability case suggested that the employed spires may not be suitable to simulate such extreme condition, though further studies are needed. The results were in reasonably good agreement with field measurements. For the convective boundary layer, great attention was given to the flow uniformity inside the test section. The selection of a non-uniform inlet temperature profile was in this case found not as determinant as for the stable boundary layer to improve the longitudinal uniformity, while the application of a calibrated capping inversion considerably improved the lateral uniformity. The non-dimensional vertical profiles of turbulent quantities and heat fluxes, did not seem to be influenced by roughness.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering Sciences
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Marucci, Davided.marucci@surrey.ac.uk
Carpentieri, MatteoM.Carpentieri@surrey.ac.uk
Hayden, PaulP.Hayden@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 2 June 2018
DOI : 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2018.05.012
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords : Stable boundary layer, Convective boundary layer, Urban boundary layer, Wind tunnel experiments
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 31 May 2018 09:02
Last Modified : 02 Jun 2019 02:08
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/846543

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