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Spatio-temporal variations of sulfur dioxide concentrations in industrial and urban area via a new statistical approach

Landim, A. A., Teixeira, E. C., Agudelo-Castañeda, D., Schneider, I., Silva, Luis F. O., Wiegand, F. and Kumar, Prashant (2018) Spatio-temporal variations of sulfur dioxide concentrations in industrial and urban area via a new statistical approach Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health, 11 (7). pp. 801-813.

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Abstract

Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is considered the most widespread pollutant that threatens environmental and human health. The purpose of this study is to propose a new method for evaluating the spatial variation of SO2 levels in the Metropolitan Area of Porto Alegre (MAPA). This method included use of Chi-square test to better identify the origin of SO2 sources. Additionally, results of the different methods applied allowed to analyze the temporal SO2 levels and their association with meteorological parameters. SO2 at five sampling sites (Esteio, Canoas, Charqueadas, Triunfo, and Gravataí) were measured during 2010–2015; using fluorescence SO2 automated analyzers. Results showed that Charqueadas had the highest average concentration (~ 15 μg m−3), followed by Triunfo (13 μg m−3), Esteio (6 μg m−3), Canoas (3 μg m−3), and Gravataí (2 μg m−3). Chi-square test applied to SO2, and wind direction quadrants showed significant contribution of local emission sources. Seasonal variation revealed higher SO2 levels on cold days for most of the studied sites, except for Esteio site. Day-wise variations revealed higher SO2 concentration on weekdays than weekends for Esteio and Canoas sites, indicating traffic influence especially during the rush-hours. Annual averages analysis identified an increasing trend in SO2 concentrations, implying that applied emission control systems and technological improvement of engines and fuels were not sufficient and thus points out a need for better subsidies mechanisms to pollutant control and effective emission reduction strategies that decision makers, including environmental agencies, must make priority by considering the local realities.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Landim, A. A.
Teixeira, E. C.
Agudelo-Castañeda, D.
Schneider, I.
Silva, Luis F. O.
Wiegand, F.
Kumar, PrashantP.Kumar@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 22 May 2018
DOI : 10.1007/s11869-018-0584-2
Copyright Disclaimer : © Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018
Uncontrolled Keywords : Sulfur dioxide; Air pollution; Weekend effect; Statistical analysis
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 29 May 2018 14:39
Last Modified : 23 May 2019 02:08
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/846534

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