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Ni stabilised on inorganic complex structures: superior catalysts for chemical CO2 recycling via dry reforming of methane

Le Saché, E., Pastor-Perez, L., Watson, D., Sepúlveda-Escribano, A. and Reina, T. R. (2018) Ni stabilised on inorganic complex structures: superior catalysts for chemical CO2 recycling via dry reforming of methane Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 236. pp. 458-465.

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Abstract

CO2 utilisation is becoming an appealing topic in catalysis science due to the urgent need to deal with greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. Herein, the dry reforming of methane (DRM) represents a viable route to convert CO2 and CH4 (two of the major GHG) into syngas, a highly valuable intermediate in chemical synthesis. Nickel-based catalysts are economically viable materials for this reaction, however they show inevitable signs of deactivation. In this work stabilisation of Ni in a pyrochlore-perovskite structure is reported as a viable method to prevent fast deactivation. Substitution of Zirconium by Ni at various loadings in the lanthanum zirconate pyrochlore La2Zr2O7 is investigated in terms of reactant conversions under various reaction conditions (temperature and space velocity). XRD analysis of the calcined and reduced catalysts showed the formation of crystalline phases corresponding to the pyrochlore structure La2Zr2-xNixO7-δ and an additional La2NiZrO6 perovskite phase at high Ni loadings. Carbon formation is limited using this formulation strategy and, as a consequence, our best catalyst shows excellent activity for DRM at temperatures as low as 600 °C and displays great stability over 350 hours of continuous operation. Exsolution of Ni from the oxide structure, leading to small and well dispersed Ni clusters, could explain the enhanced performance.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemical and Process Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Le Saché, E.e.lesache@surrey.ac.uk
Pastor-Perez, L.l.pastorperez@surrey.ac.uk
Watson, D.D.J.Watson@surrey.ac.uk
Sepúlveda-Escribano, A.
Reina, T. R.t.ramirezreina@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 17 May 2018
Funders : Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)
DOI : 10.1016/j.apcatb.2018.05.051
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY/4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords : Pyrochlore; CO2 conversion; Dry Reforming of Methane; Nickel catalysts
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 17 May 2018 14:27
Last Modified : 11 Dec 2018 11:24
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/846450

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