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Incursion of Schmallenberg virus into Great Britain in 2011 and emergence of variant sequences in 2016

Mcgowan, S.L., La Rocca, S.A., Grierson, S.S., Dastjerdi, A., Choudhury, B. and Steinbach, F. (2018) Incursion of Schmallenberg virus into Great Britain in 2011 and emergence of variant sequences in 2016 The Veterinary Journal, 234. pp. 77-84.

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Schmallenberg virus (SBV) is a vector-borne orthobunyavirus in the family Bunyaviridae, first identified in Germany before rapidly spreading throughout Europe. To investigate the events surrounding the incursion of this virus into Great Britain (GB) and its subsequent spread, archived sheep serum samples from an unrelated field survey in 2011 were analysed for the presence of SBV specific antibodies, to determine the earliest date of seroconversion. This serological study, along with analysis of the spatial spread of the sources of samples submitted for SBV analysis after January 2012, suggests that SBV entered GB on more than one occasion and in more than one location. Phylogenetic analysis of SBV sequences from 2012 ovine samples, from a variety of counties and dates, demonstrated a non-linear evolution of the virus, i.e. there was no distinct clustering between host species, geographical locations or during the outbreak. This also supports the notion of multiple viruses entering GB, rather than a single virus incursion. Premature termination signals were present in several non-structural putative protein sequences. One SBV sequence exhibited large deletions in the M segment of the genome. After the first outbreak in 2011–2012, interest in SBV in GB waned and continuous surveillance was not upheld. The re-emergence of SBV in 2016 has raised renewed concern and ended speculation that SBV might have been eradicated permanently from GB. When SBV sequences from 2012 were compared with those from the re-emergence in 2016–2017, a second distinct clade of SBV was identified that separates recent strains from those observed during the first outbreak.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Authors :
La Rocca, S.A.
Grierson, S.S.
Dastjerdi, A.
Choudhury, B.
Date : 8 February 2018
DOI : 10.1016/j.tvjl.2018.02.001
Copyright Disclaimer : Crown Copyright © 2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Uncontrolled Keywords : Evolution; Great Britain; Incursion; Schmallenberg virus; Sheep
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 12 Apr 2018 14:18
Last Modified : 09 Feb 2019 02:08

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