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A Prologue to Nostalgia: Savoring Creates Nostalgic Memories that Foster Optimism

Biskas, Marios, Cheung, Wing-Yee, Juhl, Jacob, Sedikides, Constantine, Wildschut, Tim and Hepper, Erica (2018) A Prologue to Nostalgia: Savoring Creates Nostalgic Memories that Foster Optimism Cognition and Emotion.

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How are nostalgic memories created? We considered savoring as one process involved in the genesis of nostalgia. Whereas nostalgia refers to an emotional reflection upon past experiences, savoring is a process in which individuals deeply attend to and consciously capture a present experience for subsequent reflection. Thus, having savored an experience may increase the likelihood that it will later be reflected upon nostalgically. Additionally, to examine how cognitive and emotional processes are linked across time, we tested whether nostalgia for a previously savored experience predicts optimism for the future. Retrospective reports of having savored a positive event were associated with greater nostalgia for the event (Study 1). Retrospective reports of savoring a time period (college) were associated with greater nostalgia for that time period when participants were in a setting (alumni reunion event) that prompted thoughts of the time period (Study 2). Savoring an experience predicted nostalgia for the experience 4-9 months later (Study 3). Additionally, nostalgia was associated with greater optimism (Studies 2-3). Thus, savoring provides a foundation for nostalgic memories and an ensuing optimism.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
Biskas, Marios
Cheung, Wing-Yee
Juhl, Jacob
Sedikides, Constantine
Wildschut, Tim
Date : 2 April 2018
Identification Number : 10.1080/02699931.2018.1458705
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Nostalgia; Savouring; Optimism; Memory
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 27 Mar 2018 16:03
Last Modified : 29 May 2018 07:40

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