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An Experimental Exploration of the Effects of Exposure to Images of Nature on Rumination

Golding, Sarah, Gatersleben, Birgitta and Cropley, Mark (2018) An Experimental Exploration of the Effects of Exposure to Images of Nature on Rumination International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15 (2).

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Exposure to natural environments has been shown to have beneficial effects on mood. Rumination is a thinking style associated with negative mood, and sometimes depression, and is characterized by repetitive, intrusive thoughts, often with a negative emotional element. This study investigated whether exposure to nature, operationalized using photographs presented as a slideshow, could aid reduction in levels of state rumination. An experimental, within-between (Time x Condition) participant design was used; participants (n = 58) undertook a presentation task designed to induce rumination and influence mood. Participants were then randomly allocated to either: watch a slideshow of a natural environment, watch a slideshow of an urban environment, or wait patiently with no distractions. Data were collected at baseline, after the presentation, and after the slideshow. Environmental exposure had no effect on levels of rumination or negative mood, but did have a significant effect on levels of positive mood, ‘being away’, and ‘fascination’. Positive mood declined in those who saw the urban slideshow, but remained the same in those who saw the nature slideshow, whilst levels of being away and fascination were highest in those who saw the nature slideshow. This study extends previous restorative environment research by exploring the effects of nature on rumination.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
Date : 9 February 2018
DOI : 10.3390/ijerph15020300
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Uncontrolled Keywords : Psychological restoration; Natural environments; Urban environments; Restorative environments; Rumination; Mood
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 09 Feb 2018 11:56
Last Modified : 16 Jan 2019 19:07

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