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Language Skills, but not Frequency Discrimination, Predict Reading Skills in Children At Risk of Dyslexia

Snowling, M, Gooch, Deborah, McArthur, G and Hulme, C (2018) Language Skills, but not Frequency Discrimination, Predict Reading Skills in Children At Risk of Dyslexia Psychological Science, 29 (8). pp. 1270-1282.

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Abstract

This study evaluated the claim that auditory processing deficits are a cause of reading and language difficulties. We report a longitudinal study of 245 children at family risk of dyslexia, children with preschool language impairments, and controls. Children with language impairments had poorer frequency discrimination thresholds than controls at 5½ years but children at family risk of dyslexia did not. A model assessing longitudinal relationships between frequency discrimination, reading, language, and executive skills showed that frequency discrimination was predicted by executive skills but was not a longitudinal predictor of reading or language skills. Our findings contradict the hypothesis that frequency discrimination is causally related to dyslexia or language impairment, and suggest that individuals at-risk for dyslexia, or who have language impairments, may perform poorly on auditory processing tasks because of comorbid attentional difficulties.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Snowling, M
Gooch, Deborahd.gooch@surrey.ac.uk
McArthur, G
Hulme, C
Date : 23 May 2018
Funders : Wellcome Trust
Identification Number : 10.1177/0956797618763090
Copyright Disclaimer : © The Author(s) 2018 Published by SAGE Publications
Uncontrolled Keywords : FREQUENCY DISCRIMINATION; AUDITORY DEFICITS; RISK OF DYSLEXIA; LANGUAGE DISORDER; EXECUTIVE SKILLS
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 31 Jan 2018 15:37
Last Modified : 18 Sep 2018 08:04
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/845720

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