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Compulsory High Schooling, Over-Crowding and Violent Youth Crime - Evidence from a Recent Constitutional Amendment in Brazil

Nishijima, M and Pal, Sarmistha (2017) Compulsory High Schooling, Over-Crowding and Violent Youth Crime - Evidence from a Recent Constitutional Amendment in Brazil Working Paper.

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Abstract

The paper exploits the 2009 Constitutional Amendment in Brazil that introduced compulsory high schooling of 16-17 years olds as a natural experiment to investigate the effects of high schooling on selected violent youth crime indices. Using a unique data compiled from various official sources for over 5000 Brazilian municipalities over 2000-2013, we find the following: while the Amendment was successful to lower violent youth crime rates in the overall sample, the impact was relatively small because it worked primarily through incapacitation because of compulsory schools. There is no evidence that it boosted employment prospects or returns to schooling in the treated municipalities. More importantly the Amendment fails to lower youth crime rates in the poorer municipalities where over-crowding in classes increased after the Amendment, thus deteriorating the school’s learning environment. Unlike much of the previous literature that focused on more developed countries, a key finding of our study is that good governance and learning environment is a pre-requisite for reaping the benefits of compulsory high schooling in an emerging economy; the result has important implications for other countries beyond the Brazilian border.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > School of Economics
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Nishijima, M
Pal, Sarmisthas.pal@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 3 October 2017
Identification Number : 10.2139/ssrn.3046127
Uncontrolled Keywords : Youth crime, Constitutional Amendment 59, Natural experiment, Compulsory high Schooling, Overcrowding and governance, Decentralisation, Difference in Difference, Brazil
Related URLs :
Additional Information : Paper presented at the University of Sao Paulo, Surrey-UGPN conference (Guildford) and to be presented at the CSAE annual conference (Oxford)
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 17 Jan 2018 08:59
Last Modified : 17 Jan 2018 08:59
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/845633

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