University of Surrey

Test tubes in the lab Research in the ATI Dance Research

A memory advantage for past-oriented over future-oriented performance feedback

Nash, R, Winstone, Naomi, Gregory, S and Papps, Emily (2018) A memory advantage for past-oriented over future-oriented performance feedback Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition..

[img]
Preview
Text
Nash Winstone Gregory Papps.pdf - Accepted version Manuscript

Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

People frequently receive performance feedback that describes how well they achieved in the past, and how they could improve in future. In educational contexts, future-oriented (directive) feedback is often argued to be more valuable to learners than past-oriented (evaluative) feedback; critically, prior research led us to predict that it should also be better remembered. We tested this prediction in six experiments. Subjects read written feedback containing evaluative and directive comments, which supposedly related to essays they had previously written (Experiments 1-2), or to essays another person had written (Experiments 3-6). Subjects then tried to reproduce the feedback from memory after a short delay. In all six experiments, the data strongly revealed the opposite effect to the one we predicted: despite only small differences in wording, evaluative feedback was in fact recalled consistently better than directive feedback. Furthermore, even when adult subjects did recall directive feedback, they frequently misremembered it in an evaluative style. These findings appear at odds with the position that being oriented toward the future is advantageous to memory. They also raise important questions about the possible behavioral effects and generalizability of such biases, in terms of students’ academic performance.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Department of Higher Education
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Nash, RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Winstone, NaomiN.Winstone@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Gregory, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Papps, Emilye.s.papps@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : 9 April 2018
Copyright Disclaimer : © American Psychological Association,2017. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/xlm/index.aspx
Uncontrolled Keywords : feedback; education; future orientation; recall; assessment
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 09 Jan 2018 10:00
Last Modified : 09 Jan 2018 10:00
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/845564

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year


Information about this web site

© The University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom.
+44 (0)1483 300800