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NF-κB Signaling Pathway-enhanced Complement Activation Mediates Renal Injury in Trichloroethylene-sensitized Mice

Liu, M, Wang, H, Zhang, J, Yang, X, Li, B, Wu, Changhao and Zhu, Q (2018) NF-κB Signaling Pathway-enhanced Complement Activation Mediates Renal Injury in Trichloroethylene-sensitized Mice Journal of Immunotoxicology.

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Abstract

Both NF-B pathway and complement activation appear to be involved in kidney damage induced by trichloroethylene (TCE). However, any relationship between these two systems has not yet been established. The present study aimed to clarify the role of NF-B in complement activation and renal injury in TCE-sensitized BALB/c mice. Mice were sensitized by an initial subcutaneous injection and repeated focal applications of TCE to dorsal skin at specified timepoints. NF-B inhibitor pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) was injected (intraperitoneal) before the final two focal TCE challenges. In the experiments, mice had their blood and kidneys collected. Kidney function was evaluated via blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Cr) content; renal histology was examined using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Kidney levels of phospho-p65 were assessed by Western blot and kidney mRNA levels of interleukin (IL)-1,IL-6,IL-17, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-, and p65 by real-time quantitative PCR. Presence of C3 and C5b-9 membrane attack complexes in the kidneys was evaluated via immunohistochemistry. The results showed there was significant swelling, vacuolar degeneration of mitochondria, microvilli shrinking, disappearance of brush borders, segmental foot process fusion, and glomerular basement membrane thickening (or disrobing) in kidneys from TCE-sensitized mice. In conjunction with the changes, serum BUN and Cr levels were increased and mRNA levels of IL-1,IL-6,IL-17, and TNF elevated. Levels of p65 and phospho-p65 protein were also up-regulated, and there was significant C3 and C5b-9 deposition. PDTC pre-treatment attenuated TCE-induced up-regulation of p65 and its phosphorylation, complement deposition, cytokine release and renal damage. These results provide the first evidence that NF-B pathway has an important role in TCE-induced renal damage mediated by enhanced complement activation in situ.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Biosciences and Medicine
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Liu, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wang, HUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Zhang, JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Yang, XUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Li, BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wu, ChanghaoC.Wu@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Zhu, QUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 3 April 2018
Funders : BBSRC
Identification Number : 10.1080/1547691X.2017.1420712
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright 2017 The Author(s)
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 03 Jan 2018 12:04
Last Modified : 03 Jan 2018 12:04
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/845520

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