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Monitoring data compression and storage for traffic load events based on strain measurements: a comparative study Measurement

Sousa, Helder and Wang, Ying (2018) Monitoring data compression and storage for traffic load events based on strain measurements: a comparative study Measurement Measurement.

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Monitoring data compression and storage for traffic load events based on strain measurements - a comparative study Measurement.docx - Accepted version Manuscript
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Abstract

Among different Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) systems applied on bridges, Bridge Weight-in-Motion (BWIM) is probably the one with widest applications worldwide. Briefly, BWIM uses on-structure sensors that are able to acquire signals sensitive to traffic load events, which can be used as an indirect indicator of the load magnitude. The sampling rate required for this is relatively high (at least 10 Hz), which usually lead to databases with sizes that might reach the order of gigabytes. It is impractical to process this volume of information in the context of infrastructure asset management. Hence, an effective and efficient method for the compression and storage of BWIM data is becoming mandatory. In this paper, sparse representation algorithms have been innovatively applied to the BWIM data compression. A comparative study is performed based on measurements collected from a real bridge, by exploring different methods including Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT), Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT), Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), and two dictionary learning methods, i.e. Compressive Sensing (CS) and K-means Singular Value Decomposition (K-SVD). It has been found that the K-SVD method shows the best performance when applied to this specific type of data, while the DWT method using Haar wavelet is the most computationally efficient. Nearly lossless reconstruction of the signal is achieved by using K-SVD with less than 0.1 % reserved coefficients, which gives evidence that dictionary learning technologies are feasible to guarantee the same level of information even with much smaller databases. Therefore, the utilization of dictionary learning is a clear step forward towards higher levels of efficiency in the compression and storage of data collected by SHM systems.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Civil and Environmental Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Sousa, Helder
Wang, Yingying.wang@surrey.ac.uk
Date : 2018
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Data compression; Sparse representation; Transform coding; Dictionary learning; K-SVD; Monitoring data
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 19 Dec 2017 14:14
Last Modified : 14 Mar 2018 16:02
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/845448

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