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How Do Illicit Drugs Move Across Countries? A Network Analysis of the Heroin Supply to Europe

Giommoni, Luca, Aziani, Alberto and Berlusconi, Giulia (2017) How Do Illicit Drugs Move Across Countries? A Network Analysis of the Heroin Supply to Europe Journal of Drug Issues, 47 (2). pp. 217-240.

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Abstract

Illicit drugs are trafficked across manifold borders before ultimately reaching consumers. Consequently, interdiction of cross-border drug trafficking forms a critical component of the European Union’s initiative to reduce drug supplies. However, there is contradictory evidence about its effectiveness, which is due, in part, to a paucity of information about how drugs flow across borders. This study uses a network approach to analyze international drug trafficking both to and within Europe, drawing on several perspectives to delineate the factors that affect how drug shipments move across borders. The analysis explicates how drug trafficking is concentrated along specific routes; moreover, we demonstrate that its structure is not random but, rather, driven by specific factors. In particular, corruption and social and geographical proximity are key factors explaining the configuration of heroin supply to European countries. This study also provides essential insights into the disruption of traffickers’ illicit activities.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of Sociology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Giommoni, LucaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Aziani, AlbertoUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Berlusconi, Giuliag.berlusconi@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : 15 December 2017
Identification Number : 10.1177/0022042616682426
Copyright Disclaimer : Luca Giommoni, Alberto Aziani, Giulia Berlusconi. How Do Illicit Drugs Move Across Countries? A Network Analysis of the Heroin Supply to Europe. Journal of Drug Issues, Vol 47, Issue 2, pp. 217 - 240. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022042616682426. Copyright © 2017 SAGE Publications. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications.
Uncontrolled Keywords : drug trafficking, network analysis, heroin.
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 06 Dec 2017 12:03
Last Modified : 06 Dec 2017 12:03
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/845123

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