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Developing survey metrics for analysing cross-border proximity

Makkonen, T and Williams, Allan (2017) Developing survey metrics for analysing cross-border proximity Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography.

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Makkonen Williams Geografisk Tijdsskrift_.docx - Accepted version Manuscript
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Abstract

Cross-border innovation cooperation (CBIC) has been heralded as one of the corner stones of innovation-driven growth opportunities for firms located in cross-border regions (CBRs). The success of this cooperation is affected by varying types of proximities identified in the literature as: geographical, institutional, cultural, cognitive, technological, organizational and social. Although the topic has been widely discussed, the validation of the concept of proximity vis-à-vis CBIC has been persistently hindered by a lack of readily available empirical metrics. Therefore, this research note attempts to operationalize the varying types of proximity – in relation to CBIC – in the form of a questionnaire tested through pilot studies of two CBRs, at the Finnish-Swedish and Danish-German border, and for two contrasting service industries, namely knowledge-intensive business services and tourism. The findings indicate that the developed survey metrics are effective in depicting the phenomenon of proximity. The foundational work undertaken in this research note provides a platform, and catalyst, for more extensive investigations of the topic.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > School of Hospitality and Tourism Management
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Makkonen, TUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Williams, AllanAllan.Williams@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : 30 November 2017
Identification Number : 10.1080/00167223.2017.1405734
Copyright Disclaimer : This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography on 30 November 2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/00167223.2017.1405734
Uncontrolled Keywords : : Cross-border region; Cross-border cooperation; Innovation; Knowledge intensive business services; Proximity; Tourism
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 22 Nov 2017 09:17
Last Modified : 20 Feb 2018 13:02
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/844981

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