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Substance use, sleep and intervention design: insights from qualitative data

Neale, Joanne, Meadows, Robert, Nettleton, Sarah, Panebianco, Daria, Strang, John, Vitoratou, Silia and Marsden, John (2017) Substance use, sleep and intervention design: insights from qualitative data Journal of Mental Health.

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Abstract

Background: Alcohol and other drug use is associated with poor sleep quality and quantity, but there is limited qualitative research exploring substance users’ experiences of sleep and few psychosocial sleep interventions for them.

Aim: To inform the development of psychosocial interventions to improve sleep amongst people reporting drug/alcohol problems.

Method: Qualitative data were collected during a sleep survey. Of the 549 drug/alcohol users completing the survey, 188 (34%) provided additional information about their sleep using a free text box. Responses were analysed via Iterative Categorization. Findings were reviewed with reference to the Behaviour Change Wheel (BCW).

Results: All data were categorized inductively under five headings: i. sleep quality; ii. nature of sleep problems; iii. sleep and substances; iv. factors improving sleep quality; v. factors undermining sleep quality. Substance use undermined sleep, but poor sleep often persisted after substance use had ceased. Sleep problems were diverse; as were the causes of, and strategies for dealing with, those problems. Causes and strategies had biological, psychological, social, and environmental roots.

Conclusions: The BCW facilitated the identification of intervention components that might improve the sleep of people who use substances. These components relate to education, training, enablement, modelling, service provision, guidelines and environment.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Department of Sociology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Neale, Joanne
Meadows, RobertR.Meadows@surrey.ac.uk
Nettleton, Sarah
Panebianco, Daria
Strang, John
Vitoratou, Silia
Marsden, John
Date : 21 December 2017
Identification Number : 10.1080/09638237.2017.1417560
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-com- mercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Substance use; Sleep; Intervention Design; Behaviour Change; Qualitative; Survey
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 16 Nov 2017 13:52
Last Modified : 14 Mar 2018 13:17
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/844936

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