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Diffusiophoresis in non-adsorbing polymer solutions: the Asakura-Oosawa model and stratification in drying films

Sear, Richard and Warren, Patrick B. (2017) Diffusiophoresis in non-adsorbing polymer solutions: the Asakura-Oosawa model and stratification in drying films Physical Review E, 96. 062602-1-062602-11.

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Abstract

A colloidal particle placed in an inhomogeneous solution of smaller non-adsorbing polymers will move towards regions of lower polymer concentration, in order to reduce the free energy of the interface between the surface of the particle and the solution. This phenomenon is known as diffusiophoresis. Treating the polymer as penetrable hard spheres, as in the Asakura-Oosawa model, a simple analytic expression for the diffusiophoretic drift velocity can be obtained. In the context of drying films we show that diffusiophoresis by this mechanism can lead to stratification under easily accessible experimental conditions. By stratification we mean spontaneous formation of a layer of polymer on top of a layer of the colloid. Transposed to the case of binary colloidal mixtures, this offers an explanation for the stratification observed recently in these systems [A. Fortini et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 118301 (2016)]. Our results emphasise the importance of treating solvent dynamics explicitly in these problems, and caution against the neglect of hydrodynamic interactions or the use of implicit solvent models in which the absence of solvent back ow results in an unbalanced osmotic force which gives rise to large but unphysical effects.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Physics
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Sear, RichardR.Sear@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Warren, Patrick B.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 6 December 2017
Identification Number : 10.1103/PhysRevE.96.062602
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2017 American Physical Society.
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 15 Nov 2017 12:03
Last Modified : 06 Dec 2017 15:54
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/844917

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