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Modeling the Impact of Environment on Infectious Diseases

Lo Iacono, Giovanni and Nichols, Gordon L. (2017) Modeling the Impact of Environment on Infectious Diseases In: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Oxford University Press.

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Abstract

The introduction of pasteurization, antibiotics, and vaccinations, as well as improved sanitation, hygiene, and education, were critical in reducing the burden of infectious diseases and associated mortality during the 19th and 20th centuries and were driven by an improved understanding of disease transmission. This advance has led to longer average lifespans and the expectation that, at least in the developed world, infectious diseases were a problem of the past. Unfortunately this is not the case; infectious diseases still have a significant impact on morbidity and mortality worldwide. Moreover, the world is witnessing the emergence of new pathogens, the reemergence of old ones, and the spread of antibiotic resistance. Furthermore, effective control of infectious diseases is challenged by many factors, including natural disasters, extreme weather, poverty, international trade and travel, mass and seasonal migration, rural–urban encroachment, human demographics and behavior, deforestation and replacement with farming, and climate change.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Lo Iacono, Giovannig.loiacono@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Nichols, Gordon L.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : September 2017
Identification Number : 10.1093/acrefore/9780199389414.013.339
Copyright Disclaimer : © Oxford University Press USA, 2017.
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 03 Nov 2017 08:53
Last Modified : 03 Nov 2017 10:08
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/844808

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