University of Surrey

Test tubes in the lab Research in the ATI Dance Research

Performance of boiling and hot sparged agitated reactors.

Ruh, Christian. (1997) Performance of boiling and hot sparged agitated reactors. Doctoral thesis, University of Surrey (United Kingdom)..

Full text is not currently available. Please contact sriopenaccess@surrey.ac.uk, should you require it.

Abstract

In this dissertation the power draw, the mass transfer and the liquid mixing behaviour of boiling and hot sparged stirred tank reactors (STRs) were investigated. The power draw characteristics of six different impellers were studied under varying operating conditions and expressed in terms of the relative power draw, RPD. Generally the impellers showed considerably higher power draw in hot gassed than in comparable cold conditions. The main phenomenon in hot systems, the evaporation of liquid into a gas bubble suddenly exposed to it, was investigated experimentally. The growth of nitrogen and air bubbles in hot water was found to be very fast and be completed typically within milliseconds after their exposure to the liquid. This was confirmed by studies applying acoustic bubble sizing techniques which were carried out together with Richard Manasseh from CSIRO, Melbourne, Australia. Experimental studies of the gas-liquid mass transfer in hot sparged STRs were carried out using a tank of 450 mm in diameter agitated by a 180 mm Rushton turbine. Experiments involving the temperature kinetics in an air-water system and absorption and desorption of ammonia were used to determine gas and also some liquid side mass transfer coefficients. The gas side coefficients kga were found to be typically in the order of 0.01 s-1. An enhancement of the liquid side mass transfer was also observed. Both Fick and Stefan-Maxwell models were employed to express gas side mass transfer coefficients. The models predict there will be a decrease of the coefficients at high concentrations. In the hot sparged tank the temperature is essentially uniform throughout the STR. Liquid mixing times have been measured for various boil-off and sparging rates. No significant deviations from the single phase or the cold gassed mixing times in this equipment were recorded.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Divisions : Theses
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Ruh, Christian.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 1997
Contributors :
ContributionNameEmailORCID
http://www.loc.gov/loc.terms/relators/THSUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User : EPrints Services
Date Deposited : 09 Nov 2017 12:17
Last Modified : 09 Nov 2017 14:47
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/844300

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year


Information about this web site

© The University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XH, United Kingdom.
+44 (0)1483 300800