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Silica supported nickel catalysts : Tracer studies.

Sharratt, Andrew Paul. (1991) Silica supported nickel catalysts : Tracer studies. Doctoral thesis, University of Surrey (United Kingdom)..

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Abstract

A series of silica supported catalysts were prepared by impregnation of the support materials with a nickel(II) nitrate precursor under standard conditions. The catalysts and silicas were characterised using temperature programmed reduction (TPR) techniques, neutron diffraction, small angle neutron scattering, and 29Si magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS-NMR). These analyses revealed one significant variable in the silicas:- the surface concentration of strained siloxane rings containing three silicon atoms. The catalysts were tested using ethene as a probe molecule and the amination of ethanol as a test reaction in conjunction with various tracers (2H, 3H, 13C and 15N). Significant differences in behaviour and activity were observed, these differences correlated with the surface concentration of the strained three membered rings. Possible interactions between reactants and the rings were proposed to explain the observed differences in behaviour. Based on the tracer studies it was possible to propose a mechanism for the animation reaction over the catalysts. The role of the silica surfaces in influencing the activity of the catalysts was illustrated in terms of the proposed reaction mechanism.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Divisions : Theses
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Sharratt, Andrew Paul.UNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 1991
Contributors :
ContributionNameEmailORCID
http://www.loc.gov/loc.terms/relators/THSUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Depositing User : EPrints Services
Date Deposited : 09 Nov 2017 12:14
Last Modified : 09 Nov 2017 14:42
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/843407

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