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Dose assessment from chronic exposure to industrial NORM in iron ore processing

Dal Molin, Franck Louis Georges, Fisher, Raymond, Frost, David, Anderson, David R and Read, David (2017) Dose assessment from chronic exposure to industrial NORM in iron ore processing Journal of Radiological Protection, 37 (2). pp. 402-421.

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Abstract

Radiological exposures due to naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) can occur during a wide range of work-related activities in the mineral processing and chemical industries. However, evaluation of such exposures in industrial settings remains a difficult exercise owing inter alia to the large number of personnel, operations and plants affected; assumptions that often have to be made concerning the actual duration and frequency of exposures; the complex chemistry and radioactive disequilibria involved and typically, the paucity of historical data. In our study, the challenges associated with assessing chronic exposure to fugitive dust enriched in 210Pb and 210Po and the determination of the associated internal dose by inhalation and ingestion are described by reference to a case study undertaken at an iron ore sintering plant between June 2013 and July 2015. The applicability of default dose coefficients and biokinetic models provided by the International Commission for Radiological Protection (ICRP) was verified by combining air and dust monitoring with information on the characteristics of the aerosols and in-vitro solubility experiments. The disparity between particulate matter 100 microns or less in diameter (PM100), particulate matter 10 microns or less in diameter (PM10) and 210Pb/210Po activity concentrations observed over the different monitoring campaigns and sampling locations confirmed that use of positional short-term monitoring surveys to extrapolate intake over a year was not appropriate and could lead to unrealistic intake and dose figures. Personal air sampling is more appropriate for estimating the dose in such situations, though it is not always practical and may collect insufficient quantities of material for radiochemical analysis; this is an important constraint when dealing with low specific activity materials.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemistry
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Dal Molin, Franck Louis Georgesf.dalmolin@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Fisher, RaymondUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Frost, DavidUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Anderson, David RUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Read, Davidd.read@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : 20 April 2017
Identification Number : 10.1088/1361-6498/aa63a2
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Uncontrolled Keywords : NORM; Occupational exposure; Dose assessment
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 20 Sep 2017 07:42
Last Modified : 20 Sep 2017 08:01
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/842331

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