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The Foundations of Literacy Development in Children at Familial Risk of Dyslexia

Hulme, C, Nash, HM, Gooch, Deborah, Lervåg, A and Snowling, MJ (2015) The Foundations of Literacy Development in Children at Familial Risk of Dyslexia Psychological Science, 26 (12). pp. 1877-1886.

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Abstract

The development of reading skills is underpinned by oral language abilities: Phonological skills appear to have a causal influence on the development of early word-level literacy skills, and reading-comprehension ability depends, in addition to word-level literacy skills, on broader (semantic and syntactic) language skills. Here, we report a longitudinal study of children at familial risk of dyslexia, children with preschool language difficulties, and typically developing control children. Preschool measures of oral language predicted phoneme awareness and graphemephoneme knowledge just before school entry, which in turn predicted word-level literacy skills shortly after school entry. Reading comprehension at 8½ years was predicted by word-level literacy skills at 5½ years and by language skills at 3½ years. These patterns of predictive relationships were similar in both typically developing children and those at risk of literacy difficulties. Our findings underline the importance of oral language skills for the development of both word-level literacy and reading comprehension.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Hulme, CUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Nash, HMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gooch, Deborahd.gooch@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Lervåg, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Snowling, MJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2 November 2015
Identification Number : 10.1177/0956797615603702
Copyright Disclaimer : © The Author(s) 2015 Published under a Creative Commons CC-BY license.
Uncontrolled Keywords : dyslexia, language impairment, reading development, reading comprehension, phonological skills, language skills, familial risk
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 19 Sep 2017 14:07
Last Modified : 19 Sep 2017 14:07
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/842323

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