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How pupils on the autism spectrum make sense of themselves in the context of their experiences in a mainstream school setting: a qualitative metasynthesis

Williams, Emma (2017) How pupils on the autism spectrum make sense of themselves in the context of their experiences in a mainstream school setting: a qualitative metasynthesis Autism.

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Abstract

Evidence that interpersonal interactions and self-appraisal in social context are crucial in developing self-understanding raises concerns about how pupils with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) make sense of themselves in school settings where many experience social marginalisation. Metasynthesis was used to systematically extract and integrate findings from qualitative studies examining the mainstream school experiences of these students. Synthesised findings identified three, intermeshing, aspects of experience which contribute to many pupils with ASD making sense of themselves as ‘different’ to typical peers in a negative way: difficulties linked to ASD; interpersonal relationships, particularly with peers; and accessibility of the school environment. Typical pupils’ attitudes and responses towards peers with ASD, unusual sensory reactions to the physical school environment and individual sense-making about the self are highlighted as key areas requiring further research and intervention to improve the experiences, self-esteem and well-being of pupils with ASD in inclusive settings and to inform educational policy and practice.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Williams, EmmaE.I.Williams@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2017
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2017 SAGE Publications
Uncontrolled Keywords : Autism spectrum disorder; Qualitative research; Metasynthesis; Metasummary; Lived experience; School aged children; Adolescents; Self-understanding
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 15 Sep 2017 13:13
Last Modified : 15 Sep 2017 13:13
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/842292

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