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Adsorption Behavior of Asphaltenes and Resins on Kaolinite

Tsiamis, A and Taylor, Spencer (2017) Adsorption Behavior of Asphaltenes and Resins on Kaolinite Energy and Fuels.

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Abstract

Recent studies have shown that n-C7-precipitated asphaltenes adsorb onto nanoparticles to produce iso-therms that are significantly influenced by the dispersed states of both the adsorbate and adsorbent. In the present work, we investigate this behavior further by determining the adsorption of asphaltene and resin fractions isolated from four different sources onto kaolinite using the depletion method in toluene. Treated conventionally (amount adsorbed, , ver-sus equilibrium bulk concentration, ce), adsorption isotherms for fixed initial concentrations (c0) of C5 and C7 asphaltenes and variable kaolinite mass (ms) are found to be Type I as classified by IUPAC, whereas under the same experimental conditions C5-C7 resins exhibit Type III behavior. By fixing ms and varying c0, however, Type II isotherms are produced by the resins. All the adsorption results for the same fraction type were found to be very similar, irrespective of the source. The Types I and III isotherms are described very well by the thermodynamic solid-liquid equilibrium (SLE) model of Montoya et al. (Energy Fuels 2014, 28, 4963−4975) based on association theory of Talu and Meunier (AIChE J. 1996, 42, 809-819). Individual isotherms ( versus ce) are well-fitted by a shifted Langmuir equation for asphaltenes, and by a gen-eral Freundlich (power law) relationship for resins. The SLE results verify that in toluene solution the adsorption behavior is complicated by concentration-dependent nanoaggregation of asphaltene species, whereas resin-resin interactions are weaker, but accompanied by adsorbent particle aggregation. On the other hand, when the adsorption data for each frac-tion type is re-plotted in terms of the ratio of the experimental parameter c0/ms, as originally done by Wang et al. (Col-loids Surfaces A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects 2016, 504, 280–286), each set of data merges to a single isotherm which is rea-sonably well approximated by a Langmuir-type relationship (we term this a “pseudo-Langmuir equation”), which allows the maximum adsorption to be determined for the different adsorbate/adsorbent systems. The average maximum ad-sorbed amounts calculated in this way for each of the component types are very similar, being slightly larger for C7A compared with C5A, with the values for the C5-C7R fractions being generally lower and more variable, possibly reflecting some source dependence.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemistry
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Tsiamis, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Taylor, SpencerS.Taylor@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : 13 December 2017
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright 2017 ACS. This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a work to be published in final form in Energy and Fuels, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. The final published work will be available at: http://pubs.acs.org/journal/enfuem
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 13 Sep 2017 07:52
Last Modified : 13 Sep 2017 07:52
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/842259

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