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The Concept of Ownership in Roman Law

Giglio, Francesco (2018) The Concept of Ownership in Roman Law Zeitschrift der Savigny Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte, 135.

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Abstract

On the basis of an analysis mainly focussed on the legis actiones, the formulary trial and the actio Publiciana, it is shown that there was no substantive difference betwixt absolute and relative ownership: both species of ownership concerned absolute rights. As well-known, the demise of the legis actiones signified for Max Kaser the end of relative ownership. However, the co-existence of different actions founded upon the meum esse claim suggests that ownership was relative even under the formulary system. It appears therefore that the co-existence of absolute rights over the same thing was a characteristic element of Roman law during the period examined. Possible clashes between these rights were resolved at procedural level. This account of ownership finds some support in Cicero’s work. : Auf der Basis einer Analyse, die sich hauptsächlich auf die legis actiones, das Formularverfahren und die actio Publiciana konzentriert, wird gezeigt, dass es keinen bedeutenden Unterschied zwischen absolutem und relativem Eigentum gibt: beide Arten des Eigentums betreffen absolute Rechte. Wie bekannt ist, bedeutete das Verschwinden der legis actiones für Max Kaser das Ende des relativen Eigentums. Allerdings weist die Koexistenz verschiedener Klagen, die auf dem meum esse Anspruch beruhen, hin, dass das Eigentum selbst gemäß des Formularverfahrens relativ ist. Es scheint deswegen, dass die Koexistenz absoluter Rechte an der selben Sache während der untersuchten Periode ein charakterisches Element des römischen Rechtes war. Mögliche Konflikte zwischen diesen Rechten wurden auf Verfahrensebene gelöst. Die darstellende Erläuterung des Eigentums findet Unterstützung in Ciceros Werken.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > School of Law
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Giglio, Francescof.giglio@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : December 2018
Identification Number : 978-3-903195-02-8
Copyright Disclaimer : Copyright 2017 SAVIGNY VERLAGSGESELLSCHAFT MBH, WIEN
Uncontrolled Keywords : duplex dominium, legis actiones, formula petitoria, actio Publiciana, relative ownership, absolute ownership. duplex dominium, legis actiones, formula petitoria, actio Publiciana, relatives Eigentum, absolutes Eigentum. : duplex dominium, legis actiones, formula petitoria, actio Publiciana, relatives Eigentum, absolutes Eigentum.
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 05 Sep 2017 14:07
Last Modified : 05 Sep 2017 14:07
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/842177

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