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Semantic control deficits impair understanding of thematic relationships more than object identity

Thompson, Hannah, Davey, James, Hoffman, Paul, Hallam, Glyn, Kosinski, Rebecca, Howkins, Sarah, Wooffindin, Emma, Gabbitas, Rebecca and Jefferies, Elizabeth (2017) Semantic control deficits impair understanding of thematic relationships more than object identity Neuropsychologia, 104. pp. 113-125.

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Abstract

Recent work has suggested a potential link between the neurocognitive mechanisms supporting the retrieval of events and thematic associations (i.e., knowledge about how concepts relate in a meaningful context) and semantic control processes that support the capacity to shape retrieval to suit the circumstances. Thematic associations and events are inherently flexible: the meaning of an item changes depending on the context (for example, lamp goes with reading, bicycle and police). Control processes might stabilise weak yet currently-relevant interpretations during event understanding. In contrast, semantic retrieval for objects (to understand what items are, and the categories they belong to) is potentially constrained by sensory-motor features (e.g., bright light) that change less across contexts. Semantic control and event understanding produce overlapping patterns of activation in healthy participants in left prefrontal and temporoparietal regions, but the potential causal link between these aspects of semantic cognition has not been examined. We predict that event understanding relies on semantic control, due to associations being necessarily context-dependent and variable. We tested this hypothesis in two ways: (i) by examining thematic associations and object identity in patients with semantic aphasia, who have well-documented deficits of semantic control following left frontoparietal stroke and (ii) using the same tasks in healthy controls under dual-task conditions that depleted the capacity for cognitive control. The patients were impaired on both identity and thematic matching tasks, and they showed particular difficulty on non-dominant thematic associations which required greater control over semantic retrieval. Healthy participants showed the same pattern under conditions of divided attention. These findings support the view that semantic control is necessary for organising and constraining the retrieval of thematic associations.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Thompson, Hannahh.thompson@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Davey, JamesUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hoffman, PaulUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hallam, GlynUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kosinski, RebeccaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Howkins, SarahUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Wooffindin, EmmaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gabbitas, RebeccaUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Jefferies, ElizabethUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 11 August 2017
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.08.013
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/BY/4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords : Semantic; Control; Aphasia; Stroke; Thematic
Depositing User : Clive Harris
Date Deposited : 21 Aug 2017 15:22
Last Modified : 21 Aug 2017 15:22
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/841988

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