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Psychosocial Stress Predicts Abnormal Glucose Metabolism: The Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) Study

Williams, Emily D, Magliano, Dianna J, Tapp, Robyn J, Oldenburg, Brian F and Shaw, Jonathan E (2013) Psychosocial Stress Predicts Abnormal Glucose Metabolism: The Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) Study Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 46 (1). pp. 62-72.

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Abstract

Background The evidence supporting a relationship between stress and diabetes has been inconsistent. Purpose This study examined the effects of stress on abnormal glucose metabolism, using a population-based sample of 3,759, with normoglycemia at baseline, from the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study. Methods Perceived stress and stressful life events were measured at baseline, with health behavior and anthropometric information also collected. Oral glucose tolerance tests were undertaken at baseline and 5-year follow-up. The primary outcome was the development of abnormal glucose metabolism (impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, and type 2 diabetes), according to WHO 1999 criteria. Results Perceived stress predicted incident abnormal glucose metabolism in women but not men, after multivariate adjustment. Life events showed an inconsistent relationship with abnormal glucose metabolism. Conclusions Perceived stress predicted abnormal glucose metabolism in women. Healthcare professionals should consider psychosocial adversity when assessing risk factor profiles for the development of diabetes.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Williams, Emily DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Magliano, Dianna JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Tapp, Robyn JUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Oldenburg, Brian FUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Shaw, Jonathan EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : August 2013
Copyright Disclaimer : © The Society of Behavioral Medicine 2013
Uncontrolled Keywords : Type 2 diabetes; Stress; Risk factors; Prevention; Health behaviors
Depositing User : Jane Hindle
Date Deposited : 29 Jun 2017 14:31
Last Modified : 29 Jun 2017 14:31
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/841515

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