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Vicarious Learning and Reduction of Fear in Children via Adult and Child Models

Dunne, G and Askew, Chris (2017) Vicarious Learning and Reduction of Fear in Children via Adult and Child Models Emotion.

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Abstract

Children can learn to fear stimuli vicariously, by observing adults’ or peers’ responses to them. Given that much of school-aged children’s time is typically spent with their peers, it is important to establish whether fear learning from peers is as effective or robust as learning from adults, and also whether peers can be successful positive models for reducing fear. During a vicarious fear learning procedure, children (6 to 10 years; N = 60) were shown images of novel animals together with images of adult or peer faces expressing fear. Later they saw their fear-paired animal again together with positive emotional adult or peer faces. Children’s fear beliefs and avoidance for the animals increased following vicarious fear learning and decreased following positive vicarious counterconditioning. There was little evidence of differences in learning from adults and peers, demonstrating that for this age group peer models are effective models for both fear acquisition and reduction.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences > School of Psychology
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Dunne, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Askew, Chrisc.askew@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : 24 August 2017
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000341
Copyright Disclaimer : ©American Psychological Association, 2017. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: 10.1037/emo0000341
Uncontrolled Keywords : Fear, Vicarious learning, Observational learning, Modeling, Peer learning
Depositing User : Melanie Hughes
Date Deposited : 24 May 2017 08:48
Last Modified : 24 May 2017 08:48
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/841098

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