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Dispersion of positron emitting radioactive gases in a complex urban building array: a comparison of dose modelling approaches

Robins, AG (2016) Dispersion of positron emitting radioactive gases in a complex urban building array: a comparison of dose modelling approaches Journal of Radiological Protection, 36 (4). pp. 746-784.

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A radiological assessment was carried out on the release of positron-emitting radioactive gases from a roof-level stack at a central London site. Different modelling approaches were performed to investigate the range of radiation doses to representative persons. Contributions from plume inhalation, gamma shine and immersion to effective dose were taken into account. Dry and wet surface deposition on the roof, and exposure from contamination on the skin of roof-workers, added only a mean 4.7% to effective dose and were neglected. A 1:200 scale model, consisting of the stack and surrounding buildings, was tested in a wind tunnel to simulate pollutant dispersion in the near-field region i.e. rooftop. Concentration field measurements in the wind tunnel were converted into effective dose, including for roof-workers installing glass cladding to the stack building. Changes in the building shape, from addition of the cladding layer, were investigated in terms of the near-field flow pattern and significant differences found between the two cases. Pollutant concentrations were also modelled using Air Dispersion Modelling System (ADMS) and the results used to calculate the effective dose using the same meteorological data set and source release terms. Sector averaged wind tunnel dose estimates were greater than the ADMS figure by approximately a factor of two to three. Different stack release heights were investigated in the wind tunnel and ADMS simulations in order to determine the best height for the replacement flue stack for the building. Other techniques were investigated: building wake models, modified Gaussian plume methods and uniform dilution into a hemispherical volume to show the wide variation in predicted dose possible with different approaches. Large differences found between simpler analytic approaches indicated that more robust radiological assessments, based on more complex modelling approaches, were required to achieve satisfactory estimates of radiation dose to representative groups in adjacent buildings and on the building rooftop.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Mechanical Engineering
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Date : December 2016
DOI : 10.1088/0952-4746/36/4/746
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd
Uncontrolled Keywords : Plume, Building, PET, Gases, ADMS, Wind tunnel, Radiation dose
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 13:58
Last Modified : 25 Jan 2020 00:36

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