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Serviceability performance of steel–concrete composite beams

Lawson, RM, Lam, D, Aggelopoulos, ES and Nellinger, S (2017) Serviceability performance of steel–concrete composite beams Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings, 160 (2). pp. 98-114.

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Abstract

The use of steel–concrete composite beams in which wide-flanged steel beams act compositely with a concrete or steel–concrete composite slab above is well established in building construction. However, for composite beams with low degrees of shear connection between the beam and slab, significant additional deflections can occur due to slip in the shear connectors. A design formula is presented for the effective stiffness of composite beams taking account of the stiffness of the shear connectors, which is compared to measured deflections of six symmetric composite beams and an 11 m span composite beam of asymmetric profile. It is shown that the comparison is good when using a shear connector stiffness of 70 kN/mm for single shear connectors and 100 kN/mm for pairs of shear connectors per slab rib. The results of push tests on a range of slab profiles confirmed these initial elastic stiffnesses. To ensure that the slip at the serviceability limit state does not lead to permanent deformations of the composite beam, it is proposed that the minimum degree of shear connection should not fall below 30% for unpropped beams and 40% for propped beams of symmetric cross-section.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Civil Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Lawson, RMm.lawson@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Lam, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Aggelopoulos, ESUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Nellinger, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : February 2017
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1680/jstbu.16.00048
Copyright Disclaimer : © ICE Publishing 2016, all rights reserved
Uncontrolled Keywords : Beams & girders/composite structures, Design methods & aids
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 13:58
Last Modified : 18 May 2017 12:54
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/841031

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