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Rejection of organic micro-pollutants from water by a tubular, hydrophilic pervaporative membrane designed for irrigation applications

Sule, MN, Templeton, MR and Bond, T (2015) Rejection of organic micro-pollutants from water by a tubular, hydrophilic pervaporative membrane designed for irrigation applications Environmental Technology, 37 (11). pp. 1382-1389.

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Abstract

The links between chemical properties, including those relating to molecular size, solubility, hydrophobicity and vapour pressure, and rejection of model aromatic micro-pollutants by a tubular, hydrophilic polymer pervaporation membrane designed for irrigation applications were investigated. Open air experiments were conducted at room temperature for individual solutions of fluorene, naphthalene, phenol, 1,2-dichlorobenzene, 1,2-diethylbenzene and 2-phenoxyethanol. Percentage rejection generally increased with increased molecular size for the model micro-pollutants (47–86%). Molecular weight and log Kow had the strongest positive relationships with rejection, as demonstrated by respective correlation coefficients of r = 0.898 and 0.824. Rejection was also strongly negatively correlated with aqueous solubility and H-bond δ. However, properties which relate to vapour phase concentrations of the micro-pollutants were not well correlated with rejection. Thus, physicochemical separation processes, rather than vapour pressure, drive removal of aromatic contaminants by the investigated pervaporation tube. This expanded knowledge could be utilized in considering practical applications of pervaporative irrigation systems for treating organic-contaminated waters such as oilfield-produced waters.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Civil Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Sule, MNUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Templeton, MRUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bond, Tt.bond@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : 15 December 2015
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1080/09593330.2015.1116610
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2015 Taylor & Francis
Uncontrolled Keywords : Pervaporation, Membrane, Irrigation, Micro-pollutants, Hydrophilic
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 13:58
Last Modified : 18 May 2017 12:54
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/840995

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