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The enhanced removal of carbonaceous and nitrogenous disinfection by-product precursors using integrated permanganate oxidation and powdered activated carbon adsorption pretreatment

Chu, W, Yao, D, Gao, N, Bond, T and Templeton, MR (2015) The enhanced removal of carbonaceous and nitrogenous disinfection by-product precursors using integrated permanganate oxidation and powdered activated carbon adsorption pretreatment Chemosphere, 141. pp. 1-6.

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Abstract

Pilot-scale tests were performed to reduce the formation of a range of carbonaceous and nitrogenous disinfection by-products (C-, N-DBPs), by removing or transforming their precursors, with an integrated permanganate oxidation and powdered activated carbon adsorption (PM–PAC) treatment process before conventional water treatment processes (coagulation–sedimentation–filtration, abbreviated as CPs). Compared with the CPs, PM–PAC significantly enhanced the removal of DOC, DON, NH3+–N, and algae from 52.9%, 31.6%, 71.3%, and 83.6% to 69.5%, 61.3%, 92.5%, and 97.5%, respectively. PM pre-oxidation alone and PAC pre-adsorption alone did not substantially reduce the formation of dichloroacetonitrile, trichloroacetonitrile, N-nitrosodimethylamine and dichloroacetamide. However, the PM–PAC integrated process significantly reduced the formation of both C-DBPs and N-DBPs by 60–90% for six C-DBPs and 64–93% for six N-DBPs, because PM oxidation chemically altered the molecular structures of nitrogenous organic compounds and increased the adsorption capacity of the DBP precursors, thus highlighting a synergistic effect of PM and PAC. PM–PAC integrated process is a promising drinking water technology for the reduction of a broad spectrum of C-DBPs and N-DBPs.

Item Type: Article
Subjects : Civil Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Chu, WUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Yao, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gao, NUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bond, Tt.bond@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Templeton, MRUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : December 2015
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.05.087
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords : Nitrogenous disinfection by-products (N-DBPs), Carbonaceous disinfection by-products (C-DBPs), Permanganate, Powdered activated carbon, Integrated process
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 13:57
Last Modified : 18 May 2017 12:54
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/840990

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