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Photoelectrochemistry of bromonitrobenzenes: Mechanism and photoelectrochemically-induced halex reactions

Wadhawan, JD, Davies, TJ, Clegg, AD, Lawrence, NS, Ball, JC, Klymenko, OV, Rees, NV, Bethell, D, Woolfall, MP, France, RR and Compton, RG (2002) Photoelectrochemistry of bromonitrobenzenes: Mechanism and photoelectrochemically-induced halex reactions Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 533 (1-2). pp. 33-70.

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Abstract

The theory for homogeneous ECrevE, ECrevCE and ECECE mechanisms at macroscopically large channel electrodes is derived. The photoelectrochemical reductions of para-bromonitrobenzene and 2,4-dibromonitrobenzene in acetonitrile solutions and at macroscopic platinum channel electrodes are studied using irradiation at 330 and 470 nm, corresponding to absorption bands in the corresponding radical anions. The former compound is shown to follow a homogeneous ECrevCE pathway in acetonitrile solutions containing tetrabutylammonium-based supporting electrolytes; by changing the supporting electrolyte to a salt of the tetramethylammonium cation, the mechanism is changed qualitatively and follows an ECEE pathway. The photoelectrochemical reduction of 2,4-dibromonitrobenzene in acetonitrile solution containing supporting electrolytes derived from the tetrabutylammonium cation is shown to follow an overall ECECE mechanism, with both chemical steps being chemically-reversible, and with the loss of the ortho-bromo in the dark. In the presence of chloride supporting electrolytes, it is shown that light-induced rupture of a C-Br bond occurs reversibly with the competing formation of a C-Cl bond. Unoptimised bulk photoelectrosynthesis indicates that some halogen exchange occurs, demonstrating the viability of a novel approach to halex reactions. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Wadhawan, JDUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Davies, TJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Clegg, ADUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Lawrence, NSUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ball, JCUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Klymenko, OVo.klymenko@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Rees, NVUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bethell, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Woolfall, MPUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
France, RRUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Compton, RGUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 20 September 2002
Identification Number : 10.1016/S0022-0728(02)01064-1
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 13:57
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 15:14
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/840966

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