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Reactions at the solid-liquid interface: surface-controlled dissolution of solid particles. The dissolution of potassium bicarbonate in dimethylformamide.

Forryan, CL, Klymenko, OV, Brennan, CM and Compton, RG (2005) Reactions at the solid-liquid interface: surface-controlled dissolution of solid particles. The dissolution of potassium bicarbonate in dimethylformamide. J Phys Chem B, 109 (7). pp. 2862-2872.

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Abstract

We present a mathematical model for the surface-controlled dissolution of solid particles. This is applied to the dissolution of a solid having different particle size distribution functions: those of a monodispersed solid containing particles of all one size, a two-size-particle distribution, and a Gaussian distribution of the particle sizes. The dissolution of potassium bicarbonate in dimethylformamide is experimentally studied indirectly at elevated temperatures. We monitor the dissolution via the homogeneous deprotonation of 2-cyanophenol by dissolved KHCO3. The loss of 2-cyanophenol was detected electrochemically at a platinum microdisk electrode, and separately, the formation of the 2-cyanophenolate anion was monitored via UV-visible spectroscopic analysis. The results presented show that the kinetics of the loss of 2-cyanophenol behaves on one hand as a homogeneous chemical process and on the other hand as a dissolution-rate-controlled process. Initially, predissolved KHCO3 in solution deprotonates the 2-cyanophenol and homogeneous reaction dominates the observed kinetics, and at longer times, the observed kinetics is controlled by the rate of KHCO3 dissolution. Modeling of the experimental results for the surface-controlled dissolution of KHCO3 in dimethylformamide (DMF) yielded a mean value for the dissolution rate constant, k, at elevated temperatures; k was found to have a value of (1.1 +/- 0.3) x 10(-8) mol cm(-2) s(-1) at 100 degrees C, and the activation energy for the dissolution was 34.4 +/- 0.4 kJ mol(-1) over the temperature range 60-100 degrees C.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Forryan, CLUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Klymenko, OVo.klymenko@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Brennan, CMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Compton, RGUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 24 February 2005
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1021/jp040508e
Uncontrolled Keywords : Bicarbonates, Biophysics, Dimethylformamide, Electrochemistry, Hot Temperature, Kinetics, Models, Chemical, Models, Statistical, Normal Distribution, Phenols, Platinum, Potassium Compounds, Solubility, Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet, Temperature, Time Factors
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 13:57
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 15:14
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/840941

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