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Drop test: A new method to measure the particle adhesion force

Zafar, U, Hare, C, Hassanpour, A and Ghadiri, M (2014) Drop test: A new method to measure the particle adhesion force POWDER TECHNOLOGY, 264. pp. 236-241.

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Abstract

Measurement of the adhesive force is of great interest in a large number of applications, such as powder coating and processing of cohesive powders. Established measurement methods such as Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and the centrifugal method are costly and time consuming. For engineering applications there is a need to develop a quick test method. The drop test method has been designed and developed for this purpose. In this test method particles that are adhered to a substrate are mounted on and are subjected to a tensile force by impacting the stub against a stopper ring by dropping it from a set height. From the balance of the detachment force and adhesive force for a critical particles size, above which particles are detached and below which they remain on the substrate, the interfacial specific energy is calculated. A model of adhesion is required to estimate the adhesive force between the particles and the surface, and in this work we use the JKR theory. The detachment force is estimated by Newton’s second law of motion, using an estimated particle mass, based on its size and density and calculated particle acceleration. A number of materials such as silanised glass beads, Avicel, α-lactose monohydrate and starch have been tested and the adhesive force and energy between the particle and the substrate surface have been quantified. Consistent values of the interface energy with a narrow error band are obtained, independent of the impact velocity. As the latter is varied, different particle sizes detach; nevertheless similar values of the interface energy are obtained, an indication that the technique is robust, as it is in fact based on microscopic observations of many particles. The trends of the results obtained with the drop test method are similar to those shown in studies by other researchers using established methods like the AFM and the centrifuge method.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences > Chemical and Process Engineering
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Zafar, UUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hare, Cc.hare@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Hassanpour, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ghadiri, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 1 September 2014
Identification Number : 10.1016/j.powtec.2014.04.022
Copyright Disclaimer : © 2014. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords : Science & Technology, Technology, Engineering, Chemical, Engineering, ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL, Interface energy, Particle adhesion, Pull off force, Adhesion measurement, FLAT SURFACE
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 13:48
Last Modified : 04 Aug 2017 11:14
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/840413

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