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Insights into nitrogen allocation and recycling from nitrogen elemental analysis and 15N isotope labelling in 14 genotypes of willow

Brereton, NJB, Pitre, FE, Shield, I, Hanley, SJ, Ray, MJ, Murphy, RJ and Karp, A (2013) Insights into nitrogen allocation and recycling from nitrogen elemental analysis and 15N isotope labelling in 14 genotypes of willow Tree Physiology.

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Abstract

Minimizing nitrogen (N) fertilization inputs during cultivation is essential for sustainable production of bioenergy and biofuels. The biomass crop willow (Salix spp.) is considered to have low N fertilizer requirements due to efficient recycling of nutrients during the perennial cycle. To investigate how successfully different willow genotypes assimilate and allocate N during growth, and remobilize and consequently recycle N before the onset of winter dormancy, N allocation and N remobilization (to and between different organs) were examined in 14 genotypes of a genetic family using elemental analysis and 15N as a label. Cuttings were established in pots in April and sampled in June, August and at onset of senescence in October. Biomass yield of the trees correlated well with yields recorded in the field. Genotype-specific variation was observed for all traits measured and general trends spanning these sampling points were identified when trees were grouped by biomass yield. Nitrogen reserves in the cutting fuelled the entirety of the canopy establishment, yet earlier cessation of this dependency was linked to higher biomass yields. The stem was found to be the major N reserve by autumn, which constitutes a major source of N loss at harvest, typically every 2–3 years. These data contribute to understanding N remobilization in short rotation coppice willow and to the identification of traits that could potentially be selected for in breeding programmes to further improve the sustainability of biomass production.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Brereton, NJBUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Pitre, FEUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Shield, IUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Hanley, SJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Ray, MJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Murphy, RJrj.murphy@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Karp, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 2013
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1093/treephys/tpt081
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 13:23
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 15:10
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/839059

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