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Role of growth morphology in the formulation of NaCl-based selective media for injury detection of Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhimurium and Listeria innocua

Noriega, E, Velliou, EG, Van Derlinden, E, Mertens, L and Van Impe, JFM (2014) Role of growth morphology in the formulation of NaCl-based selective media for injury detection of Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhimurium and Listeria innocua Food Research International, 64. pp. 402-411.

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Abstract

Sublethal injury (SI) poses major public health concerns since injured cells are responsible for serious limitations in food diagnostics and are susceptible to recovery, often developing adaptive stress responses. Detection of SI is based on the difference in plate counts between non-selective media, which represent the total cell population, and selective media, to which injured cells become sensitive. Selective media for detection of sublethal membrane damage are often based on NaCl supplement, although there is a lack of consensus in the literature about appropriate levels. Planktonic cells are generally used to investigate SI mechanisms, although they often exhibit different stress tolerance than cell colonies in/on solid food (model) systems. In this work, the effect of growth morphology, colony size and concentration of the gelling agent in the growth media, on the maximum non-inhibitory NaCl concentration in the plating medium was assessed for Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhimurium and Listeria innocua. Stationary phase cultures of planktonic cells and large and small colonies grown in either 1.5% (w/v) xanthan gum-based system or 2.5% (w/v) xanthan gum-based system exhibited significantly different viable counts and osmotolerance. The effect of cell arrangement and xanthan gum percentage in the growth media depended on the microorganism under investigation. Additionally, differences in the maximum non-inhibitory concentration were evident, with 5.0% (w/v) NaCl for the Gram-negative bacteria and 6.5% (w/v), for L. innocua. Different extent of colony shrinkage and morphological damage was observed as NaCl concentration in the plating medium increased. This information will contribute to define NaCl-based selective media for accurate SI detection under realistic scenarios. © 2014.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Noriega, EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Velliou, EGe.velliou@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Van Derlinden, EUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Mertens, LUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Van Impe, JFMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 1 January 2014
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2014.06.047
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 13:22
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 15:10
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/838988

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