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Rendering audio using expressive MIDI

Welburn, SJ and Plumbley, MD (2009) Rendering audio using expressive MIDI

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Abstract

MIDI renderings of audio are traditionally regarded as lifeless and unnatural - lacking in expression. However, MIDI is simply a protocol for controlling a synthesizer. Lack of expression is caused by either an expressionless synthesizer or by the difficulty in setting the MIDI parameters to provide expressive output. We have developed a system to construct an expressive MIDI representation of an audio signal, i.e. an audio representation which uses tailored pitch variations in addition to the note base pitch parameters which audio-to-MIDI systems usually attempt. A pitch envelope is estimated from the original audio, and a genetic algorithm is then used to estimate pitch modulator parameters from that envelope. These pitch modulations are encoded in a MIDI file and rerendered using a sampler. We present some initial comparisons between the final output audio and the estimated pitch envelopes.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Welburn, SJUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Plumbley, MDm.plumbley@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : 1 December 2009
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 13:21
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 15:10
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/838905

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