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Phase behavior and structure of model colloid-polymer mixtures confined between two parallel planar walls.

Fortini, A, Schmidt, M and Dijkstra, M (2006) Phase behavior and structure of model colloid-polymer mixtures confined between two parallel planar walls. Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys, 73 (5 Pt 1).

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Abstract

Using Gibbs ensemble Monte Carlo simulations and density functional theory we investigate the fluid-fluid demixing transition in inhomogeneous colloid-polymer mixtures confined between two parallel plates with separation distances between one and ten colloid diameters covering the complete range from quasi-two-dimensional to bulklike behavior. We use the Asakura-Oosawa-Vrij model in which colloid-colloid and colloid-polymer interactions are hard-sphere like, while the pair potential between polymers vanishes. Two different types of confinement induced by a pair of parallel walls are considered--namely, either through two hard walls or through two semipermeable walls that repel colloids but allow polymers to freely penetrate. For hard (semipermeable) walls we find that the capillary binodal is shifted towards higher (lower) polymer fugacities and lower (higher) colloid fugacities as compared to the bulk binodal; this implies capillary condensation (evaporation) of the colloidal liquid phase in the slit. A macroscopic treatment is provided by a symmetric Kelvin equation for general binary mixtures based on the proximity in chemical potentials of statepoints at capillary coexistence and the reference bulk coexistence. Results for capillary binodals compare well with those obtained from the classic version of the Kelvin equation due to [Evans and Marini Bettolo Marconi, J. Chem. Phys. 86, 7138 (1987)] and are quantitatively accurate away from the fluid-fluid critical point, even at small wall separations. However, the significant shift of the critical polymer fugacity towards higher values upon increasing confinement, as found in simulations, is not reproduced. For hard walls the density profiles of polymers and colloids inside the slit display oscillations due to packing effects for all statepoints. For semipermeable walls either similar structuring or flat profiles are found, depending on the statepoint considered.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Fortini, Aa.fortini@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Schmidt, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Dijkstra, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : May 2006
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.73.051502
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 13:16
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 15:10
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/838595

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