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Elastic and optical properties of Cu 2SZnSn(Se xS 1S x) 4S alloys: Density functional calculations

Camps, I, Coutinho, J, Mir, M, Cunha, AFD, Rayson, MJ and Briddon, PR (2012) Elastic and optical properties of Cu 2SZnSn(Se xS 1S x) 4S alloys: Density functional calculations Semiconductor Science and Technology, 27 (11).

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Cu 2SZnSn(S 1S xSe xS) 4S (CZT(S, Se)) is emerging as a very credible alternative to CuIn 1S xGa xSSe 2S (CIGS) as the absorber layer for thin film solar cells. The former compound has the important advantage of using abundant Zn and Sn instead of the expensive In and Ga. A better understanding of the properties of CZT(S, Se) is being sought through experimental and theoretical means. Thus far, however, very little is known about the fundamental properties of the CZT(S, Se) alloys. In this work, theoretical studies on the structural, elastic, electronic and optical properties of CZT(S, Se) alloys through first-principles calculations are reported. We use a density functional code (aimpro), along with the Padé parametrization for the local density approximation to the exchange correlation potential. For the alloying calculations we employed 64 atom supercells (approximately cubic) with a 2 × 2 × 2 k-point sampling set. These supercells possess a total of 32 chalcogen species and the CZTSe xSS 1S x alloys are described by using the ordered alloy approximation. Accordingly, to create a perfectly diluted alloying host, the species type of the 32 chalcogen sites is selected randomly with uniform probability x and 1 x for Se and S, respectively. Properties of alloys (structural, elastic, electronic and optical) are obtained by averaging the results of ten supercell configurations generated for each composition. For each configuration, lattice vectors and atomic positions were allowed to relax (although enforcing the tetragonal lattice type) and the Murnaghan equation of state was fitted to the total energy data. The results presented here permit a better understanding of the properties of the CZT(S, Se) alloys which in turn result in the design of more efficient solar cells. © 2012 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Divisions : Surrey research (other units)
Authors :
Camps, I
Coutinho, J
Mir, M
Cunha, AFD
Briddon, PR
Date : 1 November 2012
DOI : 10.1088/0268-1242/27/11/115001
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 13:03
Last Modified : 24 Jan 2020 23:21

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