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Triggered aggregation of PbS nanocrystal dispersions; towards directing the morphology of hybrid polymer films using a removable bilinker ligand

Rhodes, RW, O'Brien, P and Saunders, B (2011) Triggered aggregation of PbS nanocrystal dispersions; towards directing the morphology of hybrid polymer films using a removable bilinker ligand Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. pp. 151-159.

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Abstract

Hybrid polymer films consist of quantum dots (QDs) dispersed in a polymer matrix. A key fundamental challenge that is hindering their optimisation in optoelectronic devices such as hybrid solar cells is overcoming uncontrolled aggregation of the QDs. In an effort to direct aggregation, and trigger self-assembly, we added a bilinker ligand (1,2-ethanedithiol) to dispersed PbS QDs in polymer solutions prior to film deposition by spin casting. Turbidity studies of the PbS QD/1,2-ethanedithiol dispersions enabled a relationship to be established between the extent of 1,2-ethanedithiol-triggered QD aggregation and the nominal fractional coverage of the QDs by 1,2-ethanedithiol. The extent of aggregation (and self-assembly) increased with nominal fraction coverage. Above a value of about 1.0 QD aggregation increased substantially. TEM images showed that at low 1,2-ethanedithiol concentrations triggered assembly of network-like QD structures occurred. At high 1,2-ethanedithiol concentrations the QDs self-assembled into more-ordered micrometre-sized crystals. The results suggest that 1,2-ethanedithiol decreases the inter-QD separation in dispersion as a result of rapid ligand exchange and this process results in QD aggregation as well as self-assembly. The assembled QD structures were successfully trapped within polymer films by spin casting of PbS QD/1,2-ethanedithiol dispersions containing added polystyrene or polytriarylamine.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Rhodes, RWr.rhodes@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
O'Brien, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Saunders, BUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 8 March 2011
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2011.02.069
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 13:00
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 13:00
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/837564

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