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A phenomenological investigation into the opposing effects of fluid flow on sonochemical activity at different frequency and power settings. 1. Overhead stirring.

Bussemaker, MJ and Zhang, D (2014) A phenomenological investigation into the opposing effects of fluid flow on sonochemical activity at different frequency and power settings. 1. Overhead stirring. Ultrason Sonochem, 21 (1). pp. 436-445.

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Abstract

The effect of flow in an ultrasonic reactor is an important consideration for practical applications and for the scale-up of ultrasonic processing. Previous literature on the influence of flow on sonochemical activity has reported conflicting results. Therefore, this work examined the effect of overhead stirring at four different frequencies, 40, 376, 995 and 1179 kHz, in two different reactor configurations. Comparable power settings were utilised to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of interactions between the flow and sonochemical activity. The sonochemical activity was determined by the yield of hydrogen peroxide, measured by iodide dosimetry, and the active region was visualised with sonochemiluminescence imaging. The overhead stirring in the low frequency reactor altered the yield of hydrogen peroxide so it produced the maximum yield out of the four frequencies. The increase in hydrogen peroxide yield was attributed to a reduction in coalescence at 40 kHz. However at the higher frequencies, coalescence was not found to be the main reason behind the observed reductions in sonochemical yield. Rather the prevention of wave propagation and the reduction of the standing wave portion of the field were considered.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Bussemaker, MJm.bussemaker@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Zhang, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : January 2014
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2013.07.002
Uncontrolled Keywords : Coalescence, Flow, Frequency, Power, Sonochemical activity, Sonochemistry
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 12:57
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 15:07
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/837365

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