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Investigation of two heavy element scintillators by Monte-Carlo methods

Konstantinidis, A, Liaparinos, P, Kalivas, N, Panayiotakis, G and Kandarakis, I (2009) Investigation of two heavy element scintillators by Monte-Carlo methods Journal of Instrumentation, 4 (5).

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to estimate the influence of K-characteristic radiation on the performance of x-ray scintillating screens containing two heavy elements by Monte Carlo methods. K-characteristic radiation is produced within materials of at least one heavy (high atomic number) element. This radiation may result either in spatial resolution degradation or in emission efficiency decrease. The scintillators studied were the following: LYSO (Lu1.8Y0.2SiO5 and LuYSiO5), CsI and YTaO4. All the aforementioned scintillators have two heavy elements, thus the K-characteristic radiation of the high-Z element can produce additional K-characteristic photons on the low-Z element, resulting in further degradation. Scintillator performance was described in terms of the: (a) Probability of generation and reabsorption of a K-characteristic photon (PKR) and (b) Spatial distribution of K-characteristic radiation within the scintillator material. A custom validated Monte Carlo model was used, in order to simulate the transport of K-characteristic radiation within the above scintillator materials. Results showed that, depending on screen thickness (20-100 mg/cm2) and incident photon energy (20-80 keV) the scintillator's emission efficiency may be significantly reduced. © 2009 IOP Publishing Ltd and SISSA.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Konstantinidis, Aa.konstantinidis@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Liaparinos, PUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kalivas, NUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Panayiotakis, GUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Kandarakis, IUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 16 November 2009
Identification Number : 10.1088/1748-0221/4/05/P05019
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 12:54
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 12:54
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/837188

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