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Disruption time scales of star clusters in different galaxies

Lamers, HJGLM, Gieles, M and Zwart, SFP (2004) Disruption time scales of star clusters in different galaxies Astron.Astrophys., 429. pp. 173-179.

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Abstract

The observed average lifetime of the population of star clusters in the Solar Neighbourhood, the Small Magellanic Cloud and in selected regions of M51 and M33 is compared with simple theoretical predictions and with the results of N-body simulations. The empirically derived lifetimes (or disruption times) of star clusters depend on their initial mass as t_dis ~ Mcl^0.60 in all four galaxies. N-body simulations have shown that the predicted disruption time of clusters in a tidal field scales as t_dis^pred ~ t_rh^0.75 t_cr^0.25, where t_rh is the initial half-mass relaxation time and t_cr is the crossing time for a cluster in equilibrium. We show that this can be approximated accurately by t_dis^pred ~ M_cl^0.62 for clusters in the mass range of about 10^3 to 10^6 M_sun, in excellent agreement with the observations. Observations of clusters in different extragalactic environments show that t_dis also depends on the ambient density in the galaxies where the clusters reside. Linear analysis predicts that the disruption time will depend on the ambient density of the cluster environment as t_dis ~ rho_amb^-0.5. This relation is consistent with N-body simulations.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Lamers, HJGLMUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gieles, Mm.gieles@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Zwart, SFPUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : 12 August 2004
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361:20041476
Uncontrolled Keywords : astro-ph, astro-ph
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 12:39
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 15:05
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/836246

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