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A prescription and fast code for the long-term evolution of star clusters

Alexander, PER and Gieles, M (2012) A prescription and fast code for the long-term evolution of star clusters MON NOT R ASTRON SOC.

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Abstract

We introduce the star cluster evolution code Evolve Me A Cluster of StarS (EMACSS), a simple yet physically motivated computational model that describes the evolution of some fundamental properties of star clusters in static tidal fields. We base our prescription upon the flow of energy within the cluster, which is a constant fraction of the total energy per half-mass relaxation time. According to Henon's predictions, this flow is independent of the precise mechanisms for energy production within the core, and therefore does not require a complete description of the many-body interactions therein. For a cluster of equal-mass stars, we thence use dynamical theory and analytic descriptions of escape mechanisms to construct a series of coupled differential equations expressing the time evolution of cluster mass and radius. These equations are numerically solved using a fourth-order Runge-Kutta integration kernel, and the results benchmarked against a data base of direct N-body simulations. We use simulations containing a modest initial number of stars (1024 <= N <= 65 536) and point-mass tidal fields of various strengths. Our prescription is publicly available and reproduces the N-body results to within ~10 per cent accuracy for the entire post-collapse evolution of star clusters.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Alexander, PERUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Gieles, Mm.gieles@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Date : 21 March 2012
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.20867.x
Related URLs :
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 12:39
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 15:05
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/836241

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