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Determination of the natural radioactivity levels in north west of Dukhan, Qatar using high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometry.

Al-Sulaiti, H, Nasir, T, Al Mugren, KS, Alkhomashi, N, Al-Dahan, N, Al-Dosari, M, Bradley, DA, Bukhari, S, Matthews, M, Regan, PH, Santawamaitre, T, Malain, D and Habib, A (2012) Determination of the natural radioactivity levels in north west of Dukhan, Qatar using high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometry. Appl Radiat Isot, 70 (7). pp. 1344-1350.

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Abstract

This study is aimed at the determination of the activity concentrations of naturally occuring and technologically enhanced levels of radiation in 34 representative soil samples that have been collected from an inshore oil field area which was found to have, in a previous study, the highest observed value of 226Ra concentration among 129 soil samples. The activity concentrations of 238U and 226Ra have been inferred from gamma-ray transitions associated with their decay progenies and measured using a hyper-pure germanium detector. Details of the sample preparation and the gamma-ray spectroscopic analysis techniques are presented, together with the values of the activity concentrations associated with the naturally occuring radionuclide chains for all the samples collected from NW Dukhan. Discrete-line, gamma-ray energy transitions from spectral lines ranging in energy from ∼100 keV up to 2.6 MeV have been associated with characteristic decays of the various decay products within the 235.8U and 232Th radioactive decay chains. These data have been analyzed, under the assumption of secular equilibrium for the U and Th decay chains. Details of the sample preparation and the gamma-ray spectroscopic analysis techniques are presented. The weighted mean value of the activity concentrations of 226Ra in one of the samples was found to be around a factor of 2 higher than the values obtained in the previous study and approximately a factor of 10 higher than the accepted worldwide average value of 35 Bq/kg. The weighted mean values of the activity concentrations of 232Th and 40K were also deduced and found to be within the worldwide average values of 30 and 400 Bq/kg, respectively. Our previous study reported a value of 201.9±1.5Stat.±13Syst.Bq/kg for 226Ra in one sample and further investigation in the current work determined a measured value for 226Ra of 342.00±1.9Stat.±25Syst.Bq/kg in a sample taken from the same locality. This is significantly higher than all the other investigated soil samples in the current and previous works. Notably, the Th levels in the same sample are within the worldwide average expectations, implying that the increased 226Ra concentration arises from TENORM processes.

Item Type: Article
Authors :
NameEmailORCID
Al-Sulaiti, HUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Nasir, TUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Al Mugren, KSUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Alkhomashi, NUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Al-Dahan, NUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Al-Dosari, MUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Bradley, DAd.a.bradley@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Bukhari, SUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Matthews, Mm.matthews@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Regan, PHp.regan@surrey.ac.ukUNSPECIFIED
Santawamaitre, TUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Malain, DUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Habib, AUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIED
Date : July 2012
Identification Number : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apradiso.2011.11.015
Depositing User : Symplectic Elements
Date Deposited : 17 May 2017 12:21
Last Modified : 17 May 2017 15:03
URI: http://epubs.surrey.ac.uk/id/eprint/834951

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